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The background and pro and con arguments were written by ProCon.org staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):
Footnotes:
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  57. Understanding Animal Research, "Nine Out of Ten Statistics Are Taken Out of Context," understandinganimalresearch.org.uk, Jan. 23, 2013

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  59. Junhee Seok et al., "Genomic Responses in Mouse Models Poorly Mimic Human Inflammatory Diseases," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), Feb. 11, 2013

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  66. Peter Singer, Animal Liberation, 2009

  67. Richard Dawkins, "But Can They Suffer," richarddawkins.net, June 29, 2011

  68. Humane Society of the United States, "Undercover Investigation Reveals Cruelty to Chimps at Research Lab," humanesociety.org, Mar. 4, 2009

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  74. Benjamin Adams and Jean Larson, "Legislative History of the Animal Welfare Act," nal.usda.gov (accessed Oct. 17, 2013)

  75. Daniel Engber, "Where's Pepper?," slate.com, June 1, 2009

  76. Frank Newport and Igor Himelfarb, "In U.S., Record-High Say Gay, Lesbian Relations Morally OK," gallup.com, May 20, 2013

  77. Joy Wilke and Lydia Saad, "Older Americans' Moral Attitudes Changing," gallup.com, June 3, 2013

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C. Ray Greek, Sacred Cows and Golden Geese: The Human Cost of Experiments on Animals, 2002

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