Last updated on: 12/9/2013 | Author:

C. Ray Greek, MD Biography

President and Co-Founder of Americans For Medical Advancement (AFMA)
Con to the question "Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?"

“The basis for testing animals prior to human consumption of new medications or releasing new chemicals is that animals offer predictive value for outcomes or conditions in humans. The same is true for using animals in research aimed to find the cause of human disease. In science, predictive value has a very specific meaning and can be calculated. For decades, scientists have known that the positive and negative predictive value for animal models is not useful—the values are so low that scientists know no more about the value or danger of a drug or chemical than they did before testing on animals. Despite this proven lack of value, the process has continued for many reasons. The predictive value of using animals to find causes of, and thereby potential targets for, curing human diseases is even lower. Ethical, human-based research and testing is available and should be more widely implemented.”

Email to, Oct. 29, 2013

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • President and Co-Founder of Americans For Medical Advancement (AFMA), 1996-present
  • Board-certified Anesthesiologist (sub-specialty certification in Pain Management)
  • Appeared on BBC, CNN, and other television outlets
  • Former Teacher, University of Wisconsin at Madison School of Medicine
  • Former Teacher, Thomas Jefferson University School of Medicine
  • Completed residency in anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1989
  • MD, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 1985
  • None found
Quoted in:
Pro & Con Quotes: Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?