Pro to the question "Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?"
"Humane research involving animals provides unique insights into biological structure and function. These insights offer major benefits to both human and animal health. The American Physiological Society is strongly committed to ensuring that research animals are treated humanely and that their use is regulated appropriately.
Biomedical research today involves a wide array of approaches that make use of computers, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, and whole animals. Each approach addresses different elements of a research question. Together, they offer a full complement of ways to learn about living systems. Animal studies are particularly crucial for understanding how the body functions in health and disease. Basic and translational research involving animals is a necessary component in the search for causes, preventions, treatments, and cures for disease."
"Animal Research Is Essential to the Search for Cures," the-aps.org, July 16, 2010
[Editor's Note: Further material related to animal testing can be found on the American Physiological Society's website at www.the-aps.org/mm/SciencePolicy/AnimalResearch.]
Organizations/VIPs/Others Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
"The American Physiological Society (APS) is a nonprofit devoted to fostering education, scientific research, and dissemination of information in the physiological sciences. The Society was founded in 1887 with 28 members. APS now has over 10,500 members. Most members have doctoral degrees in physiology and/or medicine (or other health professions)."
"About Us," the-aps.org (accessed Nov. 14, 2013)
"The purpose of the American Physiological Society is to promote the increase of physiological knowledge and its utilization. This is accomplished through the meetings and publications of the Society. The target audience for the services of the society includes over 10,000 members as well as the large number of biomedical scientists interested in the physiological sciences who are not members of the society."
"Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax: 2011," guidestar.org (accessed Nov. 14, 2013)
501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation
$18,092,684 (total expenses from 2012 Form 990)
Martin Frank, PhD, Executive Director
# of Offices:
One (Bethesda, Maryland)
# of Staff:
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)